East Futunan
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Wallis and Futuna

Geographical region
Futuna Island - of Wallis and Futuna.

Language codes
EFU (POLLI); FUD (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); EFU (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Futunian, East Futunian

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic- Outlier, Futunic

East Futunan speaking population
3,600 on Futuna (1987), 32% of the population in Wallis and Futuna; 3,000 in New Caledonia (1986); 8,000 total (1991).

Subsistence type
Agriculturalists: coconut, taro, breadfruit, yam, sweet potato, sugar cane, banana, arrowroot; pig and chicken raisers; fishermen

Status of language
Work in progress

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, ', F, G, K, L, M, N, P, S, T, V (Biggs 1971, Stanley 1989) - may be incomplete.

Remarks
Not intelligible with East Uvean. Distinct from West Futuna in Vanuatu. Closeness to Samoan needs investigation (Stanley 1989:416). French is used as second language and most speakers are bilingual.

Data last updated
16 December 1998



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - EAST FUTUNAN

BURROWS, EDWIN G.
1936. Ethnology of Futuna (in: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 138)

GRÉZEL, LE P.
1878. Grammaire Futunienne (in: Revue de linguistique et Philologie Comparée, vol 10, p 321-50, & vol 11, p 33-69)

GRÉZEL, LE P.
1878. Dictionaire futunien-franais avec notes grammaticales. Paris. Maisonneuve et Cie

KERN, R.A.
1948. The vocabularies of Jacob Le Maire (including wordlists from Niuatoputapu and East Futuna) (in: Acta orientalia 20, p 216-37)

KIRCH, PATRICK VINTON.
1976. Ethno-archaeological investigations in Futuna and 'Uvea (Western Polynesia): A preliminary report (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 85, no 1, p 27-69)

KIRCH, PATRICK VINTON.
1981. Lapitoid settlements of Futuna and Alofi, Western Polynesia (in: Arcaeology in Oceania 16, p 127-43)

MOYSE-FAURIE, CLAIRE.
1993. Dictionnaire Futunien-Francais avec index Francais-Futunien (in series: Langue et Cultures du Pacifique, no 8). Paris. Peeters

RENSCH, KARL H.
1986. Tikisionalio fakafutuna-fakafalani (in series: Pacific linguistics, series C, no 90). Canberra. Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University



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