Luangiua
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Solomon Islands

Geographical region
Spoken on the atoll of Ontong Java (Lord Howe Island) in the Malaita Province.

Language codes
LUA (POLLI); LUN (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); OJA (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Leuangiua, Ontong Java, Lord Howe

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic- Outlier, Ellicean

Dialect names
Luangiua, Pelau

Luangiua speaking population
1,100 (Wurm/Hattori 1981); 1,100 total.

Status of language
Work in progress

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, ', NG, H, K, L, M, P, S, V (Biggs 1971:480, Stanley 1989) - may be incomplete. Loss of an unstressed vowel between identical consonants may occur (Biggs 1971:482). Stanley (1989:689) also lists B and N for Luangiua in the islet names "Labaha" and "Henuakai". The former, however, may be a loan word from Spanish.

Remarks
Very closely related to Nukumanu in Papua New Guinea (Stanley 1989:689). Also close to Takuu in Papua New Guinea and to Sikaiana in the Solomon Islands. Speakers are thought to be descendants of people from Tuvalu (Stanley 1989:650). Speakers claim to be descendants of people from Niue (Stanley 1989:690).

Data last updated
16 December 1998



Selected bibliography - Luangiua
HOGBIN, H.I.P.
1928-. Notes on a grammar of the language of Ontong Java (in: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol 5, p 823-53)

HOGBIN, I.
1931. The social organization of Ontong-Java (in: Oceania, vol 1, p 339-425). Sydney. The University of Sydney

LANYON-ORGILL, PETER A.
1944. A study of the Leuangiua language

RAY, SIDNEY H.
1912-. Polynesian linguistics: past and future (a series of articles running through Journal of the Polynesian Society vol 21-30) (vol 26, p 99-105 include information about Luangiua). Wellington. The Polynesian Society

SALMOND, ANNE.
1974. A generative syntax of Luangiua, a Polynesian language. The Hague & Paris. Mouton

THORPE, ANNE.
No date. Notes on the structure of the phrase in Luangiua

THORPE, ANNE.
No date. A Luangiua vocabulary

THORPE, ANNE.
1968. A transformational-generative syntax of Luangiua (M.A. thesis). Auckland. University of Auckland



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