Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson
A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the
Polynesian Literature List.
Country/territory where spoken
Spoken on the atoll of Ontong Java (Lord Howe Island) in the Malaita
LUN (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue);
OJA (Biggs 1971)
Alternate language names
Leuangiua, Ontong Java, Lord Howe
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern
Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central
Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic-
Luangiua speaking population
1,100 (Wurm/Hattori 1981); 1,100 total.
Status of language
Work in progress
A, E, I, O, U, ', NG, H, K, L, M, P, S, V (Biggs 1971:480, Stanley 1989) - may
be incomplete. Loss of an unstressed vowel between identical consonants may
occur (Biggs 1971:482). Stanley (1989:689) also lists B and N for Luangiua in
the islet names "Labaha" and "Henuakai". The former, however, may be a loan
word from Spanish.
Very closely related to Nukumanu in Papua New Guinea (Stanley 1989:689). Also
close to Takuu in Papua New Guinea and to Sikaiana in the Solomon Islands.
Speakers are thought to be descendants of people from Tuvalu (Stanley 1989:650).
Speakers claim to be descendants of people from Niue (Stanley 1989:690).
Data last updated
16 December 1998
Selected bibliography - Luangiua
1928-. Notes on a grammar of the language of Ontong Java (in: Bulletin of the
School of Oriental and African Studies, vol 5, p 823-53)
1931. The social organization of Ontong-Java (in: Oceania, vol 1, p 339-425).
Sydney. The University of Sydney
LANYON-ORGILL, PETER A.
1944. A study of the Leuangiua language
RAY, SIDNEY H.
1912-. Polynesian linguistics: past and future (a series of articles
running through Journal of the Polynesian Society vol 21-30) (vol 26,
p 99-105 include information about Luangiua). Wellington. The Polynesian
1974. A generative syntax of Luangiua, a Polynesian language. The Hague &
No date. Notes on the structure of the phrase in Luangiua
No date. A Luangiua vocabulary
1968. A transformational-generative syntax of Luangiua (M.A. thesis).
Auckland. University of Auckland