Niuafo'ou
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©2001 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Tonga

Geographical region
Niuafo'ou island 'Eua islands in Tonga.

Language codes
NFO (POLLI); NUM (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); NFU (Biggs 1971)

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic- Outlier, Wallisian

Niuafo'ou speaking population
680 (Moseley / Asher 1994) or more (Besnier 1992). 680 total or more.

Status of language
Needs survey

Alphabet
Needs survey

Remarks
The similarities between Niuafo'ou and Tongan is probably due to borrowing from Tongan to Niuafo'ou over the past 400-500 years (Kirch 1988). Its closeness to East Uvean needs investigation. Niuafo'ou may be a dialect of East Uvean. Niuafo'ou island is the original home of the language, but in 1946 following a serious volcanic eruption on Niuafo'ou the 1300 inhabitants were removed to 'Eua - many have since returned to Niuafo'ou (Biggs 1971).

Data last updated
4 July 2001



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAFY - NIUAFO'OU

BIGGS, BRUCE.
1971 edition. The Languages of Polynesia (in: Sebeok, Thomas A. (editor); Current Trends in Linguistics, vol 8, p 466-505). The Hague. Mouton

COLLOCOTT, E.E.V.
1922. The speech of Niua Fo'ou (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 31, p 185-9). Wellington. Polynesian Society

DYE, THOMAS S.
1980. The linguistic position of Niuafo'ou (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 89, no 3, p 349-357). Wellington. Polynesian Society



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