Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©2001 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson
A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the
Polynesian Literature List.
Country/territory where spoken
Federated States of Micronesia
Nukuoro Island (politically a part of Ponape State in the Federated States of
Micronesia) in the Caroline Islands Group.
NKR (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue);
NUK (Biggs 1971)
Alternate language names
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern
Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central
Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic-
Nukuoro speaking population
860 (Johnstone 1993), including 125 on Ponape (Grimes 1996); 860 total.
Fishermen (net, spear, rod); agriculturalists: taro; copra production; animal
O, U, NG, H, K, M, N, P, R, S, T, V (Biggs 1971:480) - may be incomplete. Loss
of an unstressed vowel between identical consonants may occur (Biggs 1971:482).
Campbell (1991) mentions D and G (voiced stops) as part of the Nukuoro alphabet;
they probably correspond to Biggs' T and K respectively.
55% lexical similarity with Kapingamarangi. Active language use. Many older
speakers are bilingual in Ponapean. There is intermarriage with people from
Data last updated
4 July 2001
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - NUKUORO
1965. An outline of the structure of the language of Nukuoro (in:
Journal of the Polynesian Society vol 74, p 192-226 and 451-
CARROLL, VERN/SOULIK, TOPIAS.
1973. Nukuoro lexicon
1971. Archaeology on Nukuoro atoll
1986. New Testament
1921-1949. Portions of the Bible