Nukuoro
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©2001 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Federated States of Micronesia

Geographical region
Nukuoro Island (politically a part of Ponape State in the Federated States of Micronesia) in the Caroline Islands Group.

Language codes
NKO (POLLI); NKR (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); NUK (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Nukoro, Nuguor

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic- Outlier, Ellicean

Nukuoro speaking population
860 (Johnstone 1993), including 125 on Ponape (Grimes 1996); 860 total.

Subsistence type
Fishermen (net, spear, rod); agriculturalists: taro; copra production; animal husbandry

Alphabet
O, U, NG, H, K, M, N, P, R, S, T, V (Biggs 1971:480) - may be incomplete. Loss of an unstressed vowel between identical consonants may occur (Biggs 1971:482). Campbell (1991) mentions D and G (voiced stops) as part of the Nukuoro alphabet; they probably correspond to Biggs' T and K respectively.

Remarks
55% lexical similarity with Kapingamarangi. Active language use. Many older speakers are bilingual in Ponapean. There is intermarriage with people from Kapingamarangi.

Data last updated
4 July 2001



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - NUKUORO

CARROLL, VERN.
1965. An outline of the structure of the language of Nukuoro (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society vol 74, p 192-226 and 451- 472)

CARROLL, VERN/SOULIK, TOPIAS.
1973. Nukuoro lexicon

DAVIDSON, JANET.
1971. Archaeology on Nukuoro atoll

[TRAD.].
1986. New Testament

[TRAD.].
1921-1949. Portions of the Bible



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