North Marquesan
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
French Polynesia

Geographical region
Northern group of the Marquesas Islands - Hatutu, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou

Language codes
NMQ (POLLI); MRQ (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); MQN (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Enana

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Marquesic

Dialect names
Nuku Hiva, Hatutu, Ua Huka, Ua Pou.
The dialect spoken in Taipivai village of Nuku Hiva may be a little different from the dialect spoken elsewhere on Nuku Hiva (Biggs 1971).

North Marquesan speaking population
3,400 (1981 Wurm and Hattori), 3% of the population in French Polynesia; some in Society Islands; 3,400 total or more.

Subsistence type
Fishermen, agriculturalists: breadfruit, coconut, banana, manioc, taro, melon, sweet potato, lettuce, tomato, orange, grapefruit, coffee; copra production

Status of language
Work in progress

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, ', H, K, M, N, P, T, V - may be incomplete.

Remarks
Some authors regard North and South Marguesan as dialects of the same language. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan and South Marquesan as two separate languages. The internal dialects of North Marquesan are all inherently intelligible. 73% lexical similarity with Magarevan and Rarotongan, 70% with Hawaiian, 69% with Tuamotuan, 45% to 67% with Tahitian. 50% comprehension of Tahitian.

Data last updated
18 December 1998



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - NORTH MARQUESAN

CROOK, W.P.
1799. An essay toward a dictionary of the Lesser-Australian language, according to the dialect used at the Marquesas (manuscript). London. London Missionary Society

CROOK, W.P.
1952 [1799]. An essay toward a dictionary of the Lesser-Australian language, according to the dialect used at the Marquesas (in: Sheahan, G.M. Marquesan source material). Cambridge. Harvard University

DORDILLON, I.R.
1931. Grammaire et Dictionnaire de la langue des Iles Marquises: Marquisien-Francais. Paris. Institut d'Ethnologie

DORDILLON, I.R.
1932. Grammaire et Dictionnaire de la langue des Iles Marquises: Francais- Marquisien . Paris. Institut d'Ethnologie

LE CLÉAC'H, HERVÉ.
1997. Pona te'ao tapapatina (Lexique marquisien-français). Papeete, Tahiti

MUTU, MARGARET.
Date not known. Aspects of the structure of the 'Ua Pou dialect of the Marquesan language

SHEAHAN, G.M.
1952. Marquesan source material (manuscript; photocopy exist in the Auckland University Library). Cambridge. Harvard University

TE KUA O TE HENUA ENANA.
1992. Le Journal - Te kua o te henua enana

[TRAD.].
1880. Portions of the Bible



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