Sikaiana
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Solomon Islands

Geographical region
Sikaiana Atoll (Stewart Island) in the Malaita Province.

Language codes
SIK (POLLI); SKY (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); SIK (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Sikayana

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean

Sikaiana speaking population
483 (1976); 483 total.

Alphabet
A, I, NG, H, K, L, M, N, P, S, T, V (Biggs 1971:480) - may be incomplete. Loss of an unstressed vowel between identical consonants may occur (Biggs 1971:482). Capell (1935-) seems to use Y for I when it appears as a semivowel.

Remarks
Sikaiana is close to Luangiua, but a distinct language. Speakers are thought to be descendants of people from Tuvalu (Stanley 1989:650) or Tonga (Stanley 1989:689) - probably Tuvalu.

Data last updated
18 December 1998



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - SIKAIANA

CAPELL, ARTHUR.
1935-. The Sikayana language: A preliminary grammar and vocabulary and a Sikayana vocabulary (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 44-46)

RAY, SIDNEY H.
1912-. Polynesian linguistics: past and future (a series of articles running through Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 21-30) (vol 26, p 34-43 include information about Sikaiana)

SHARPLES, PETER.
No date. A Sikaiana lexicon (74 pages)

SHARPLES, PETER.
No date. The structure of the Sikaiana verbal phrase.

SHARPLES, PETER.
1968. Sikaiana syntax; a transfomational-generative syntax of a Polynesian language (M.A. thesis). Auckland. University of Aukland



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