Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson
A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the
Polynesian Literature List.
Country/territory where spoken
Sikaiana Atoll (Stewart Island) in the Malaita Province.
SKY (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue);
SIK (Biggs 1971)
Alternate language names
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern
Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central
Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic-Outlier,
Sikaiana speaking population
483 (1976); 483 total.
A, I, NG, H, K, L, M, N, P, S, T, V (Biggs 1971:480) - may be incomplete. Loss
of an unstressed vowel between identical consonants may occur (Biggs 1971:482).
Capell (1935-) seems to use Y for I when it appears as a semivowel.
Sikaiana is close to Luangiua, but a distinct language. Speakers are thought to be
descendants of people from Tuvalu (Stanley 1989:650) or Tonga (Stanley 1989:689)
- probably Tuvalu.
Data last updated
18 December 1998
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - SIKAIANA
1935-. The Sikayana language: A preliminary grammar and
vocabulary and a Sikayana vocabulary (in: Journal of the Polynesian
Society, vol 44-46)
RAY, SIDNEY H.
1912-. Polynesian linguistics: past and future (a series of
articles running through Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 21-30)
(vol 26, p 34-43 include information about Sikaiana)
No date. A Sikaiana lexicon (74 pages)
No date. The structure of the Sikaiana verbal phrase.
1968. Sikaiana syntax; a transfomational-generative syntax of a
Polynesian language (M.A. thesis). Auckland. University of Aukland