South Marquesan
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©2001 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
French Polynesia

Geographical region
Southern group of the Marquesas Islands - Hiva Oa, Tahuta, Fatu Hiva

Language codes
SMQ (Niklas Jonsson); QMS (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); MQS (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Enata

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Marquesic

Dialect names
Hiva Oa, Tahuta, Fatu Hiva

South Marquesan speaking population
2,100 (Wurm/Hattori 1981), 2% of the population in French Polynesia; some in Society Islands; 2,100 total (Wurm/Hattori 1981) or more.

Subsistence type
Fishermen, agriculturalists

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, ', F, H, K, M, N, P, T, V - may be incomplete.

Remarks
Some authors regard South and North Marguesan as dialects of the same language. Wurm/Hattori (1981) list South Marquesan and North Marquesan as two separate languages. The internal dialects of South Marquesan are all inherently intelligible.

Data last updated
4 July 2001



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - SOUTH MARQUESAN

CROOK, W.P.
1799. An essay toward a dictionary of the Lesser-Australian language, according to the dialect used at the Marquesas (manuscript). London. London missionary Society

CROOK, W.P.
1952 [1799]. An essay toward a dictionary of the Lesser-Australian language, according to the dialect used at the Marquesas (in: Sheahan, G.M. Marquesan source material). Cambridge. Harvard University

DORDILLON, I.R.
1931. Grammaire et Dictionnaire de la langue des Iles Marquises: Marquisien-Francais. Paris. Institut d'Ethnologie

DORDILLON, I.R.
1932. Grammaire et Dictionnaire de la langue des Iles Marquises: Francais-Marquisien. Paris. Institut d'Ethnologie

LE CLÉAC'H, HERVÉ.
1997. Pona te'ao tapapatina (Lexique marquisien-français). Papeete, Tahiti

SHEAHAN, G.M.
1952. Marquesan source material (manuscript; photocopy exist in the Auckland University Library). Cambridge. Harvard University

[TRAD.].
1858-1905. Portions of the Bible



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