Tubuai-Rurutu
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
French Polynesia

Geographical region
Austral (Tubuai) Islands

Language codes
TUB (POLLI); AUT (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue)

Alternate language names
Rurutu-Tubuai, Tubuai, Austral, Rurutu-Tupuai, Tupuai

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Tahitic

Dialect names
Ra'ivavae, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai (Tupuai)

Tubuai-Rurutu speaking population
8,000 (1987), 5% of the population in French Polynesia; possibly including some in Society Islands; 8,000 total.

Status of language
Needs survey

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, ', H, M, N, P, R, T, V - may be incomplete. The letter B used in "Tubuai" is pronounced like P. B is not used alsewhere in the language.

Remarks
The dialects are all inherently intelligible. Speakers seem to be shifting to Tahitian and many are bilingual. Speakers on Ra'ivavae may be less bilingual.

Data last updated
19 December 1998



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - TUBUAI-RURUTU

AITKEN, R.T.
1930. Ethnology of Tubuai (in: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin, vol 70, p 95-101 - language section)

STIMSON, J. FRANK/MARSHALL, D.S.
No date. A dictionary of the Ra'ivavaean Dialect of the Polynesian language (unpublished typescript, Peabody Museum Library, Salem, Massachusetts)



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