Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson
A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the
Polynesian Literature List.
Country/territory where spoken
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
AUT (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue)
Alternate language names
Rurutu-Tubuai, Tubuai, Austral, Rurutu-Tupuai, Tupuai
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern
Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central
Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East
Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Tahitic
Ra'ivavae, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai (Tupuai)
Tubuai-Rurutu speaking population
8,000 (1987), 5% of the population in French Polynesia; possibly including some
in Society Islands; 8,000 total.
Status of language
A, E, I, O, U, ', H, M, N, P, R, T, V - may be incomplete. The letter B used in
"Tubuai" is pronounced like P. B is not used alsewhere in the language.
The dialects are all inherently intelligible. Speakers seem to be shifting to
Tahitian and many are bilingual. Speakers on Ra'ivavae may be less bilingual.
Data last updated
19 December 1998
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - TUBUAI-RURUTU
1930. Ethnology of Tubuai (in: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin,
vol 70, p 95-101 - language section)
STIMSON, J. FRANK/MARSHALL, D.S.
No date. A dictionary of the Ra'ivavaean
Dialect of the Polynesian language (unpublished typescript, Peabody
Museum Library, Salem, Massachusetts)