Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©2001 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson
A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the
Polynesian Literature List.
Country/territory where spoken
Atoll of Tongareva (Penrhyn) in northern Cook Islands.
PNH (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue);
PEN (Biggs 1971)
Alternate language names
Tongareva, Penrhyn, Mangarongaro
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern
Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central
Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East
Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Tahitic
Tongarevan speaking population
496 on Tongareva (Stanley 1989:260); possibly some on Rarotonga; 496 total or
Status of language
Disappearing rapidly, needs survey
A, E, I, O, U, NG, H, K, M, P, R, S, T, V (Stanley 1989) - may be incomplete.
Unwritten. Almost completely intelligible with Rarotongan. Disappearing rapidly.
Second language is Rarotongan.
Data last updated
4 July 2001
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - TONGAREVAN
CAMPBELL, ANDREW R.T.
1985. Social relations in ancient Tongareva (in: Pacific
anthropological records, no 36)
1968. The structure of the Penrhyn phrase (M.A. thesis).
Honolulu. University of Hawai'i