Tongarevan
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©2001 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Cook Islands

Geographical region
Atoll of Tongareva (Penrhyn) in northern Cook Islands.

Language codes
TGR (POLLI); PNH (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); PEN (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Tongareva, Penrhyn, Mangarongaro

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Tahitic

Tongarevan speaking population
496 on Tongareva (Stanley 1989:260); possibly some on Rarotonga; 496 total or more.

Status of language
Disappearing rapidly, needs survey

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, NG, H, K, M, P, R, S, T, V (Stanley 1989) - may be incomplete.

Remarks
Unwritten. Almost completely intelligible with Rarotongan. Disappearing rapidly. Second language is Rarotongan.

Data last updated
4 July 2001



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - TONGAREVAN

CAMPBELL, ANDREW R.T.
1985. Social relations in ancient Tongareva (in: Pacific anthropological records, no 36)

YASUDA, AYAKO.
1968. The structure of the Penrhyn phrase (M.A. thesis). Honolulu. University of Hawai'i



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