Tikopian
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
Solomon Islands

Geographical region
Tikopia Island in the Temotu Pruvince.

Language codes
TIK (POLLI); TKP (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); TIK (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Tikopia

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic- Outlier, Futunic

Tikopian speaking population
1,856 (1976); possobly including some on other Solomon Islands (apart from Tikopia); 1,856 total or more.

Subsistence type
Agriculturalists: sago

Status of language
Work in progress.

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, F, NG, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V (Firth 1985). According to Biggs (1967:113) words containing L are borrowed. Foreign loan words may contain consonant clusters.

Remarks
There is a high degree of intelligibility between Tikopian and Anutan. Tikopia people seem to have greater difficulty in understanding Anutan than the reverse (Feinberg 1977). Tryon (in Wurm/Hattori 1981) lists Tikopian and Anutan as dialects of the same language (Tikopian), while P.C. Lincoln (also in Wurm/Hattori 1981) lists them as separate languages. Speakers are thought to be descendants of people from Wallis and Futuna (Stanley 1989:650). Speakers claim to be descendants of people from Wallis (Stanley 1989:708).

Data last updated
19 December 1998



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - TIKOPIAN

DURRAD, W.J.
1913. A Tikopia vocabulary (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 22, p 86-95 and 141-48)

DODENHOFF, DANIEL/KOREA, PHILIP (editors).
1976. Te ararafanga o Tikopia (narratives in Tikopian)

DODENHOFF, DANIEL/KOREA, PHILIP (editors).
1976. Te kai o Tikopia (narratives in Tikopian)

FIRTH, RAYMOND.
1957. We the Tikopia

FIRTH, RAYMOND.
1963. L and R in Tikopia language (in: Oceanic Linguistics, vol 2, no 2, p 49-61)

FIRTH, RAYMOND.
1975. Speech-making and authority in Tikopia (in: Political language and oratory in traditional society)

FIRTH, RAYMOND.
1985. Tikopia-English dictionary (Taranga fakatikopia ma taranga fakainglisi). Auckland. Auckland University Press

FIRTH, RAYMOND.
1990. Tikopia songs

KIRCH, PATRICK VINTON/YEN, D.E.
1982. Tikopia: The prehistory and ecology of a Polynesian outlier

RAY, SIDNEY H.
1920. A note on the Tikopia language (an outline of Tikopia grammar) (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 77, p 163- 76)

WILLIAMS, HERBERT W.
1924-. A Tikopia vocabulary (Compiled mainly from materials collected by Rev W.J. Durrad) (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 35, p 257-89, and vol 36, p 1-20 and 99-177)



PREVIOUS / NEXT LANGUAGE
(alphabetically)

POLLInet HOME