Tuamotuan
Language facts sheet by Niklas Jonsson
©1997-1999 POLLI & Niklas Jonsson

A bibliography of works refered to in this file may be found in the Polynesian Literature List.


Country/territory where spoken
French Polynesia

Geographical region
Tuamotu Islands

Language codes
TUA (POLLI); PMT (Grimes 1996: Ethnologue); TUA (Biggs 1971)

Alternate language names
Tuamotu, Pa'umotu, Pa'umotuan

Genetic affiliation
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, Eastern Fiji-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, East Polynesian, Central Polynesian, Tahitic

Dialect names
Mihiroa (Taravaia), Vahitu (Vaihitu), Tapuhoe, Parata (Putahi), Fagatau (Tupitimoake), Maragai

Tuamotuan speaking population
6,130 (Wurm/Hattori 1981), including non-Tuamotuan speakers on Reao and Napuka who amount to 720 people (Wurm/Hattori 1981), but probably not including some Tuamotuan speaker in Tahiti who perhaps number a couple of hundred. 6,130 total or more.

Status of language
Needs survey

Alphabet
A, E, I, O, U, F, G, H, K, M, N, P, R, T, V ('). NG is commonly used for G in contemporary transcriptions. The glottal stop may be used only in words of Tahitian origin.

Remarks
83% lexical similarity with Rarotongan, 77% with Hawaiian. Dialect variations are being leveled out as people become more bilingual in Tahitian. French is used as language of instruction in schools and bilingualism in French is developing. The Napukan and Reao languges are commonly classified as dialects of Tuamotuan, though they seem to differ in many ways from Tuamotuan (Audran 1919, Notes sur le dialecte Paumotu, p 46).

Data last updated
19 December 1998



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY - TUAMOTUAN

AUDRAN, P.H.
1919. Notes sur le dialecte Paumotu (in: Bulletin de la Société des Études Océaniennes, no 5, p 30-46)

AUDRAN, P.H.
1919. Étude linguistique du dialecte particulier de Napuka (in: Bulletin de la Société des Études Océaniennes, no 5, p 36-41)

DANIELSSON, BENGT.
1953. Tuamotuan Kinship Terms (in: Ethnos, no 3-4/1953, p 155- 166). Stockholm. The Ethnografical Museum of Sweden

HATANAKA, S./SHIBATA, N. (editors).
1982. Reao report. Kanazawa. The University of Kanazawa

HOHEPA, PATRICK W.
1966. Review of 'A dictionary of some Tuamotuan dialects of the Polynesian language' by J. Frank Stimson and Donald Marshall (in: Language, vol 42, p 849-51). Baltimore. Linguistic Society of America

KUKI, HIROSHI.
1969. Tuamotuan Phonology

KUKI, HIROSHI.
1970. The place of the glottal stop in Tuamotuan

STIMSON, J. FRANK.
1933. Tuamotuan religion

STIMSON, J. FRANK.
1934. The legends of Maui and Tahaki

STIMSON, J. FRANK.
1937. Tuamotuan legends (island of Anaa)

STIMSON, J. FRANK (edited by MARSHALL, DONALD STANLEY).
1964. A dictionary of some Tuamotuan dialects of the Polynesian language. The Hague

STIMSON, J. FRANK.
1971. The cult of Kiho-Tumu

TREGEAR, EDWARD.
1893-. A Paumotuan dictionary (in: Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol 2-4, no 4/1893-3/1895)

WHITE, R. G.
No date. The vocabulary of two Tuamotuan texts (unpublished typescript)



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